Single Sorø

sets out the outline genealogy of a family referred to as "the Kings of Haithabu".The first two generations are reproduced below, unchanged.Haralds son King Svend I started raiding England soon after his accession in [987], culminating in a full-scale invasion in 1013 when Svend succeeded in imposing himself as de facto ruler of the country.Svends son King Knud I defeated and killed the English king Edmund Ironsides and established himself as king of England in 1016.Their followers eventually settled in Friesland, where Godefrid was appointed duke in 882.During the first half of the 9th century, Denmark appears to have been a unified kingdom under a single ruler, but this unity quickly fell apart.The primary sources on which these two generations are based have not yet been identified, except as otherwise indicated below.

The Annales Fuldenses record that "Nordmanni Godafredo duce" sailed up the Seine in 850 and that Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks granted him territory, without specifying where this was The Annales Bertiniani record that "Roric et Godofridus" returned to Denmark after Emperor Lothaire gave Frisia to his son Lothaire in 855, but recovered most of Frisia at the end of the same year, establishing themselves at Dorestad The Annales Fuldenses names "Nortmannorumcum ipsis regibus Sigifredo et Godofrido, principis Vurm, Hals" when recording a Viking attack in 882, in another manuscript recording the baptism of "Gotafridum" and that he was given "comitatus et benefice qua Rorich Nordmannusin Kinnin [Kennemerland]" held from the Frankish kings, illegitimate daughter of LOTHAIRE II King of Lotharingia [Carolingian] & his mistress Waldrada --- ([860/65]-[21 May/26 Oct] 907).It has therefore largely been ignored in the reconstruction of the later generations of the family.Considerable doubt persists about the precise relationships between the 9th century Danish rulers. The early 9th century Danish kings led the Viking expeditions which raided north-west Germany.This brought them into conflict with the Carolingian rulers who were extending their territorial control northwards, which accounts for the interest shown in their activities by contemporary Frankish sources.

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